Beginner

Episode 98. It’s HERE, FINALLY HERE! Java 17 LTS Release

So is time to celebrate! We got a new box of toys with the new release of Java! This is also a Long-Term-Support release which means that’s usually a “good one” to jump into! Switch Expressions! Helpful Nullpointers, Sealed Classes… there is a TON that’s new

And we got the best Doctor in town to walk us through all of them. We’re of course talking about Stuart Marks! (AKA Dr. Deprecator). We cover most of the important features from 11 to 17 (there’s a ton that was left out, so keep following the links to know more!)

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Language Features

Pattern Matching for instanceof
https://docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/16/language/pattern-matching-instanceof-operator.html

Switch Expressions
https://docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/13/language/switch-expressions.html

Sealed Classes
https://docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/15/language/sealed-classes-and-interfaces.html

Text Blocks
https://docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/13/text_blocks/index.html

Debugging Features

Helpful NullPointerExceptions
https://www.baeldung.com/java-14-nullpointerexception

Performance Features

New Garbage Collectors (Shenandoah, ZGC)
https://blogs.oracle.com/javamagazine/post/understanding-the-jdks-new-superfast-garbage-collectors

Unix-Domain Socket Channels
https://openjdk.java.net/jeps/380

Deprecation & Platform evolution

Remove the Nashorn JavaScript Engine (Plug Graal!)
https://openjdk.java.net/jeps/372

Deprecate the Security Manager for Removal and Applets
https://openjdk.java.net/jeps/411

Strongly Encapsulate JDK Internals
https://openjdk.java.net/jeps/403

Warnings for Value-Based Classes
https://openjdk.java.net/jeps/390

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Episode 97. Hey there Scala 3! Looking good with those new Features!

So while Java is the “main” language of the JVM, it is by no means the “only” language. And one of the purely functional programming languages is getting a new facelift!

Scala has been going through a revamp on the syntax and the features, and if you ever run into a scala user you know how passionate they are about their language! (hint: they love it!)

So while we might be working in Java projects most of our time, it is a good time to revisit that developer toolbox and learn when and where to use it. And if anything else, having a dip into a fully functional programming language teaches any budding developer how to see things differently!

So maybe Scala is “not” the language you want to program all your new projects, but understanding its strengs, its thinking (and with Scala 3) and its purpose, it makes it for a very sharp tool to have at the ready when you really need to tackle that Data Sciency / Functional Programming problem.

In addition, we bring one of the biggest names in the Scala Community to walk us through it all @DeanWampler (https://twitter.com/deanwampler) has been working with Scala since the early days and has just published his new O’Reilly book Programming Scala (https://deanwampler.github.io/books/programmingscala.html). So what are you waiting for, add a new tool to your toolbox with Scala 3.0!

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Programming Scala (Dean Wampler)
https://deanwampler.github.io/books/programmingscala.html

New In Scala 3
https://docs.scala-lang.org/scala3/new-in-scala3.html

Scala 3 Features
https://docs.scala-lang.org/scala3/book/scala-features.html

A look at inline
https://medium.com/scala-3/scala-3-a-look-at-inline-and-programming-scala-is-now-published-9690ca43c23a

Safer Pattern Matching with Matchable
https://medium.com/scala-3/scala-3-safer-pattern-matching-with-matchable-f0396430ded6

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Episode 94. Oh, put on your hat Dr. Watson, we are sleuthing this Heap Dump

So it happens. Sometimes a Java program just “dies” with the dreaded Out-of-memory Exception. Sometimes, it leaves behind a “heap dump”, or a copy of what the Java program had in memory when just before it throw the Out-of-memory exception. For some devs, a heap dump is stressful, because they think is a black box with only mysteries, but we are here to calm your fears!

In this episode we show how Heap dumps are your friends! If you happen to have one, then is almost assured that you can find what caused the out-of-memory, and/or you can “see” what the real values of configuration were. For troubleshooting a production incident, a heap dump becomes invaluable since “nothing” hides from it. Doesn’t matter where the code came from, a heap dump will have exactly what each variable was holding and who might be responsible for a memory leak!

“Memory leak you say? I thought java didn’t have memory leaks!”. Well, that’s the other part of this episode where we discuss while Java has way less worries than (say c++) on allocating and deallocating memory, you can still create Memory leaks by having strong referenced objects that are never removed (and if that sounded like mumbo jumbo, even a better excuse to listen to this episode)

So, we survived 2020. Take a listen to this end-of-the-year episode, and be even more ready for whatever 2021 throws at us!

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How to capture a Heap Dump
https://www.baeldung.com/java-heap-dump-capture

Eclipse Memory Analyzer
https://www.eclipse.org/mat/

VisualVM
https://visualvm.github.io/

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Episode 92. Not your Grandpa’s Serialization!

Ah, Serialization… the bane of every Java Developer! If you are still using ObjectOutputStream, and Serializable, then you do want to listen to this episode! We move past the objectoutputstreams to what most people are running into these days! (Starting with 2001 and JaxB… and then moving forward from there to Json, and in Part 2…protobuf and thrift!).

But oh, no all serialization is equal, and there are tradeoffs are we go through the different serialization / deserialization libraries (Convenience, Speed, Rigor? all these are things that one need to take into account when choosing a serialization strategy). So take a listen (and watch the video if you want to follow along) as we explore the interesting and great world of Java serialization frameworks!

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Episode 90. Let’s get Recording (AND VIDEO!)

Java 14 is out! And with it, we now have a preview of Java Records! We go over this newfangled feature… and get this… we finally did it! We actually recorded our first Video Podcast (Woohoo!). A great episode Number as well (episode 90) to start the road to Video (I know, I know, very 2005 of us), but now you can not only listen to our voices, but actually look at the code as we type so you can follow along!

So yeah, with records, we are essentially incorporating (almost natively) what some of Lombok’s @Data features were, including default (sensible) implementations of equals and hashcode. A great episode to not only listen… but to watch! Let us know any feedback you have as we embark into Video (you know where to find us)

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Episode 88. Logging! (An Interview w/Renaud from DataDog)

One of the first things that you learn to appreciate when you transition programming from hobby to a way of life is to find a good way to troubleshoot problems. Most of the time this means logging and monitoring, so for this episode we decided to interview Renaud Boutet who is DataDog’s VP of Product Manager, and don’t worry, he’s really a developer that went to the “Management” (i.e. dark) side, so he knows what he’s talking about!

Diving into topics from Logging Frameworks, to MDC, to a discussion of the three pillars of observability (Metrics, Traces, and Logs), this episode have good advice for everyone. From your first System.out.println (“I’m here”) to your slf4j with MDC setup, you’ll sure learn new tips and tricks!

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Episode 77. Sql or NoSql, To Normalize or to Not Normalize… that (STILL) is the question

Episode 77. Sql or NoSql, To Normalize or to Not Normalize… that (STILL) is the question

So you may have thought about using NoSQL or a Document Database for taking care of you needs. But do you know why that might be not be a good (or a pretty bad idea?). Or you may have a Database that have been running fine, but it seems that you can’t work with it anymore? (Is it time to move to NoSql? Would it help?).

We dive into the “Why” would you choose Databases vs NoSQL Data Stores, or when to ditch your MongoDB and actually come back to MySQL. In our current time of “WebScale” and “CloudReady” we get bombarded by choices! (Mongo, Dynamo, MariaDB, ElasticSearch) and while some of the offerings are great, it might not mean that is the Right choice for what we need to store.

So take a listen as we explore normalization and the strength and weaknesses of relational data vs unstructured data.

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Episode 54. Bug Hunt! (The essential skills of the great Debugger)

As a developer, we probably spend most of our time figuring out what went wrong. Debugging really an art, and we sometimes get intimidated by it. Well, if you ever found a bug that has trying to scare you, never fear! Bob and I walk through how to become a master debugger and just Zap those bugs away!

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Episode 43. Don’t cross the Streams (Streams in Java 8)

So now we deep dive into what the “Real” advantages of Java 8 are :). The lambdas were just a head-fake (to quote Randy Pausch), the real meat is all the support that was brought because of lambdas, most importantly Streams. Streams are now pervasive in Java 8, and thanks to the way it was implemented is mostly backwards compatible! Oh boy, take a listen to start really tapping into the power of Lambdas and Java 8!

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Episode 42. Oh Lambda, Lambda, Lambda (no Omega Muu)

Lambdas… You have heard about it, it’s like those celebrities that are everywhere (Tom Selleck). Well, is time to go and actually meet the great start. In this episode, me (Freddy) and Bob go deep into Lambdas, what they really are (are they magical?) and why would you want to use them. So Join in and let’s listen to the most awaited feature of Java 8!
(And yes, the title is a reference to the “Revenge of the Nerds”, how appropriate isn’t it 🙂
Oracle Lambda Tutorial